The association between cold spells and admissions of ischemic stroke in Hefei, China: Modified by gender and age.

Author:

Gao, J. Yu, F. Xu, Z. Duan, J. Cheng. Q. Bai, L. Zhang, Y. Wei, Q. Yi, W. Pan, R. & Su, H.

Editor:

First

Date:

2019

Region:

Asia

Theme:

Gender and Extreme Temperatures

Language:

English

Publisher:

Elsevier

Full Harvard Reference:

Gao, J. Yu, F. Xu, Z. Duan, J. Cheng. Q. Bai, L. Zhang, Y. Wei, Q. Yi, W. Pan, R. & Su, H. (2019). The association between cold spells and admissions of ischemic stroke in Hefei, China: Modified by gender and age. Science of the Total Environment 669: 140-147.

This article explores the correlation between ischemic stroke onset and cold waves by age and gender in Hefei, China. Authors collated incidence data of daily ischemic stroke cases. Daily meteorological data collected from 2013-2015 was also collated, including daily mean temperature, humidity, wind speed, rainfall and duration of sunshine in Hefei. The results from a subgroup analysis concluded that women and young to middle-aged people were more likely to suffer an ischemic stroke during a cold wave, possibly due to the main workforce of the family being largely exposed during work and exercise in comparison to the elderly. Further analysis showed that women are more susceptible possibly due to physiological structures i.e. sex hormones, immunity and reduced thermoregulatory capacity in comparison to their male counterparts. This however has been contested in previous studies whereby men appear to be more susceptible to the cold.