Dealing with Difference: A politics of Ideas or Politics of Presence?
Gender and Political Empowerment
Full Harvard Reference:
Phillips, A. (1994). Dealing with Difference: A politics of Ideas or Politics of Presence? Constellations Vol 1, No. 1. pp. 74-91.
This article begins by identifying that gender is often ignored in liberalism and that the equality ideals within it require citizens to be the same, rather than acknowledging the different genders, class, ethnicities, etc. The article outlines four arguments for increasing women’s representation: role model, equality of access, quality of democracy and representing women’s distinct interests. The author concludes by arguing in favour of implementing a gender quota, pointing out that parameters were re-addressed to increase the number of black politicians in the US, and the same can be done for females.