Natural hazards, disasters and violence against women and girls: a global mixed-methods systematic review.

Author:

Thurston, A. M., Stöckl, H., & Ranganathan, M.

Editor:

Date:

2021

Region:

Global

Theme:

Gender-based Violence & Disaster

Language:

English

Publisher:

BMJ Global Health

Full Harvard Reference:

Thurston, A. M., Stöckl, H., & Ranganathan, M. (2021). Natural hazards, disasters and violence against women and girls: a global mixed-methods systematic review. BMJ global health, 6(4), e004377.

A systematic review including quantitative, qualitative or mixed-methods studies published in English language that examined the association between disasters from natural hazards and VAWG. Among the quantitative studies, authors found eight studies that established a positive association between disaster exposure and increased VAWG, and four additional studies found positive associations with some violence types but not others. Qualitative findings offered insights into three hypothesised pathways: disaster exposure associated with (1) an increase of stressors that trigger VAWG; (2) an increase of enabling environments for VAWG and (3) an exacerbation of underlying drivers of VAWG. As the first known global systematic review on the relationship between disasters from natural hazards and VAWG, this review contributes to the evidence base. The severe health consequences of VAWG and increasing frequency of extreme events means that rigorously designed and better quality studies are needed to inform evidence-based policies and safeguard women and girls during and after disasters.