Quotas and Interest Representation: South Africa and Sweden in Comparative Perspective.
Gender and Political Empowerment
Full Harvard Reference:
Hassim, S. (2007). Quotas and Interest Representation: South Africa and Sweden in Comparative Perspective. Global Perspectives on Gender Equality. Reversing the Gaze, London: Routledge.
This book chapter compares two archetypal approaches to increasing the representation of women: Sweden’s Incremental approach versus South Africa’s' fast-track approach. It outlines the cost benefits of the approach and the conditions required to produce desired outcome of equality. The findings determine that the outcomes differ greatly depending on the way that representation is achieved. In both countries feminist movements helped with the high percentage of representation, however, only in Sweden was there a change both in and outside the party, which created a 'notion of a constituency' and helped when there was conflict within the party leadership. Having a clear outline of the type of gender equality that is desired ensures a more effective representation.