Gender and the Social and Economic Impact of Drought on the Residents of Turkana District in Kenya.
Gender and Droughts
Organization for Social Science Research in Eastern and Southern Africa, Ethiopia
Full Harvard Reference:
Wawire, V. (2003). Gender and the Social and Economic Impact of Drought on the Residents of Turkana District in Kenya. Gender Issues Research Report Series, No. 21.
This paper analyses the gendered impacts and challenges of drought in the Turkana District, Kenya and the determining role of socio-cultural norms in the agricultural sector. Using qualitative methods such as key informant interviews and focus group discussions, the evidence identifies a gendered division of labour among the Turkana. Wawire divides this into four main sub themes; ‘Home Management/Maintenance Rules’, ‘Roles in Livestock Production’, ‘Roles in Cultural Reproduction’, and ‘Pastoral Supportive Activities’. The adverse effects of drought on gender roles considerably impacts women and their day to day workload. However, both men and women have developed adaptive strategies such as migration and food preservation methods to tackle the challenges drought incurs.