Gender and forced labour: Understanding the links in global cocoa supply chains.
LeBaron, G. and Gore, E.,
Gender, Work & Livelihoods
Full Harvard Reference:
LeBaron, G. and Gore, E., (2020). Gender and forced labour: Understanding the links in global cocoa supply chains. The journal of development studies, 56(6), pp.1095-1117.
This paper investigates the gendered patterns and dynamics of labour exploitation and forced labour in the cocoa supply chain. The analysis, consisting of an original primary dataset produced through the Global Business of Forced Labour project, determined that prevailing business models within the Ghanaian cocoa industry rely on and reinforce labour exploitation and unequal gender power relations. Given that the links between forced labour and gender remain poorly understood, this paper analyses the factors that render women workers disproportionately vulnerable to severe labour exploitation, underscoring the role of unequal family relations, and responsible for reproductive labour.