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Fact Sheets And Handouts
Engendering Disaster Preparedness and Management
1997. Asian Disaster Management News 3 (3), November. The newsletter drew attention to the gender dimension through short pieces from Jean D'Cunha, Elaine Enarson and the editors. A discussion piece for trainings conducted in this region. Edited version available through ADPC: http://www.adpc.net/infores/newsletter/1997/theme-3.html
Gender and Natural Disasters Fact Sheet
Pan-American Health Organization [Women, Health and Development Program). Nd. 2 pp with references. International illustrations of common themes. Available in Spanish and English . Source: http://www.paho.org/English/DPM/GPP/GH/genderdisasters.PDF
Man-made disasters2 pp. Article from the newspaper The Hindu by Kalpana Sharma, describing an historic meeting between Turkish and Indian women affected by earthquakes organized by women’s NGOs. Introduces readers to the peer learning model developed and promoted subsequently through the international NGO GROOTS, an effort of the Huairou Commission. Available on line: http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/mag/2002/02/24/stories/2002022400010300.htm
Findings from the Gujarat Disaster Watch2 pp. 2002. Summary of findings from grassroots women in earthquake-affected parts of Turkey and India, including a workshop involving 175 women survivors who evaluated their own performance as well as that of the government’s. Lessons learned and recommendations (for women from women and for women for government).
Bangladeshis learn flood survival
2 pp. 2005. Newspaper write up by David Montero of the Christian Science Monitor on the work of Zibika, a local NGO in Kurigram, Bangladesh. Describes their outreach to women during flood season and the significance of women’s leadership to mitigate hazards and prepare for floods. Useful model for training purposes.
Available through the Monitor: http://www.csmonitor.com/2005/0811/p06s02-wosc.html
1 pp. ND. Profiles one low-income woman whose resilience to drought and leadership capacities were increased by a project conducted by the Self Employed Women’s Association of India to develop the market for traditional embroidery crafts. Could be used for problem-solving exercises or role playing in training for practitioners or community members.
For more information and similar portraits: http://www.sewatfc.org/
Notes from the Road: India/Turkey ExchangeThis is a 7-part series written by Sheryl Feldman of GROOTS for their Disaster Watch program. Each is several pages long, illustrated, and written in the very accessible tone of a travel diary. A rare addition to the scare collection currently available of disasters “through women’s eyes.” These are excellent introductory pieces which can be used separately or together for training or community education and by planners as a model of gender-aware good practice. Available as pdf files on the website of GROOTS. The sequence begins here: http://www.groots.org/news/Notes_1.pdf
Gender and Food Security in Emergency Situations
2 pp. 2003. This Food and Agriculture Organization resource highlights the role of women as providers in emergencies, pointing to the need for gender analysis. The FAO Service for Special Relief Operations “is dedicated to integrating a gender perspective into all aspects of the Organization’s response to emergencies.” The document includes links to comprehensive data bases on gender in emergency operations, including the FAO’s SEAGA model and Gender and Emergency Annex. This is a useful introductory document leading to a great many more specific gender and emergency resources. http://www.fao.org/
Indian women shaken into action by earthquakes
3 pp. Ammu Joseph. February 17, 2004. Overview of the initial collaboration between earthquake-affected women in Turkey, Iran and India. The author describes the work of Mumbia-based SSP [Swayam Shikshan Prayog], a women’s development group that takes a lead role organizing grassroots women before, during and after natural disasters. Emphasizes the resources, strengths, and initiative of grassroots women in crisis, balancing more familiar portrayals of vulnerability.
Available through Women’s Enews: http://oldsite.womensenews.org/article.cfm/dyn/aid/1716/context/archive
Women the driving force on Aceh's road to recovery1 page. Karl Schuler. 2004. Profile of a woman caught up in the tsunami and her involvement with disaster relief programs organized by the Turkish and Indonesian Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies. A women’s group was formed as well as all-male meetings to share emerging psychosocial issues. A short introduction from practitioners of some of the key gender issues. Good for group discussion. Available through IFRC: http://www.ifrc.org/docs/news/05/05071801/index.asp
Facing tough times in post-tsunami Aceh
2 pp. Tess Bacall, Jakarta Post, 24 November 2005. Discussion of gendered tsunami impacts and responses with attention to both men and women, including coerced marriages and domestic violence. This short piece draws on insight from relief workers, journalists, women’s rights advocates and women’s groups active in tsunami response such as the coalition Flower Aceh. A good beginning place for raising broader gender issues for immediate and long-term relief. Available through the Jakarta Post:
Women and Children - Worst Victims
1 p. ND. Liaqat Ali. One paragraph account of factors to consider accounting for the disproportionately high loss of women’s lives in the 2005 earthquake.
Available through bits on line: http://www.bitsonline.net/earthquake/
Women, Natural Disaster And Reconstruction
2 pps. November 2005 statement from the Women’s Edge Coalition, a US based advocacy and education group organized around trade, development and gender equality with a strong interest in disaster issues. This is a useful summary of the gender-based vulnerabilities of girls and women that could be used to initiate a broader discussion.
Guidelines for Elaborating a Community Risk Map
6 pp. Illustrated with gender sensitivity, written in a user-friendly tone. This training tool is designed to help local organizations and communities prepare and train residents on dealing with hazards and disasters. Source: http://www.eird.org/eng/revista/No3_2001/pagina15.htm
Gender and disaster patterns in the USHandout adapted fron Alice Fothergill’s 1996 paper, “Gender, Risk and Disaster” (International Journal of Mass Emergencies and Disasters 14(11: 33-56. Short summary of key issues such as risk perception, preparedness actions, emergency communications , psychological impacts and recovery efforts. Included in the US Federal Emergency Management Agency’s Higher Education Project college course on A Social Vulnerability Approach to Disasters, 2003.
Available through FEMA [see Course Session 14]: http://www.fema.gov/
Issues facing women after disasters
1 pp. 2004. Elaine Enarson. Bulleted list of key issues arising for women following disasters in the areas of: housing, transportation, income and employment, dependent care, physical and mental health, violence, access to relief sources, full and equal participation. Available through the GDN: http://www.gdnonline.org/resources/issues_facing_women_after_disasters.doc
By Foot and By Bus
Comite de Emergencia Garifuna de Honduras, 2001. One page with illustration. Short commentary on Afro-Honduran women’s responses in the three years following hurricane Mitch useful for challenging myths about women’s helplessness and passivity, and raising awareness of the efforts of the Huairou Commission in this area. Begins on page 11 of the Huariou Commission newsletter (Vol. 3, No. 1, April 2001).
The newsletter contains other articles of interest as well. See: http://www.huairou.org/
Gender in Crisis Response
2003. 4 pp. Illustrated. Short overview developed by the International Labour Organisation’s InFocus Programme on Crisis Response and Reconstruction. Documents the work of this new ILO initiative and emphasizes the need for an employment-intensive and work related approach to response and reconstruction with special attention to the capacities and needs of women earners and producers.
Available through ILO: http://www.ilo.org/employment/Whatwedo/Publications/WCMS_116438/lang--en/index.htm
The Role of Women in Disaster Management1 page. 1995. Set of recommendations from the Pan American Health Organization, Strategic Recommendations. Available in Stop Disasters, Number 24, Spring 1995, p. 11.
Does Domestic Violence Increase After Disaster? A Fact Sheet2 pp. Fact sheet developed by E. Enarson incorporating empirical data on the impacts of disasters on gender violence. Data from international natural disaster events are included though more information is provided on disasters in the US, Canada and Australia. Last updated 2001.
Available through the GDN website:
Addressing Gender issues In humanitarian practice2005, June. Madhavi Malalgoda Ariyabandu. Power Point presentation and Concept note at the 17th Biannual meeting of the Learning Accounting Performance in Humanitarian Action (ALNAP) network held in Netherlands, 9-10 June, 2005. Available at www.alnap.org/
The presentation material outlines the challenge of redressing the gender blind humanitarian practices in disaster aftermath. Gender based prejudices and divisions mainly affect women. Existing socio-structural biases mean women are almost always more vulnerable in the aftermath of a disaster, in terms of security, safety, and women’s access to relief goods and recovery information is limited. Implications for men, also reflect the prevailing gender-based social norms and expectations as observed in the case of tsunami aftermath.
Key words: Sri Lanka, humanitarian practices, gender sensitivity, emergency assistance
Gender And Natural Disasters: Why We Should Be Focusing On A Gender Perspective Of The Tsunami Disaster
Rochelle Jones, January 2005. 3 pp. Association for Women’s Rights in Development.This feature article contains a conceptual analysis of gender aspects of vulnerability, and the related differences in impact. Vulnerability to natural disasters and their consequences are gendered, and socially constructed, meaning that women and men face different challenges during natural disasters because their role in society that have been constructed differently. The article raises the question and explores ‘What are the gendered impacts of natural disasters’ based on the Asia tsunami. http://www.comminit.com/node/215356
Gender and Women's Health in DisastersFact sheets from the World Health Organization, including:
Both provide very short introductions to key concerns in disasters from a gendered perspective, including recommendations and resources. The short length makes them useful for work with practitioners. Source:
Over 2500 Women Assemble In Maharashtra's Earthquake-Hit Areas For A Historic Event
2 pp. Press release from GROOTS. November 2001. Awareness raising overview of the capacities and resources of grassroots women “victims” in community-based and development oriented disaster recovery. The 2-day event brought together women leaders from earthquake-affected areas in India 8 years after the 1993 Latur quake in which over 10,m000 people died Good discussion piece for community education.
Available through GROOTS: http://www.groots.org/news/sakhi.htm