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Practice Guides And Checklists

Promoting Social Justice In Disaster Reconstruction: Guidelines For Gender-Sensitive And Community-Based Planning

E. Enarson , 2001 5 pp. A practice note prepared for the Disaster Mitigation Institute, Ahmedabad, Gujarat in the aftermath of the 2001 earthquake. Includes points of attention regarding livelihood, violence, housing, participation and other areas of concern. Available through the GDN:

Key words: Practice, policy, India, earthquake, cross hazard, gender analysis

Working with women in emergency relief and rehabilitation programmes

International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Field Studies Paper 2, 1991. 22 pp. The guide, one example of gender-sensitive materials from the IFRC, highlights the particular needs of women who have experienced various violent situations such as rape and armed conflict. It offers a brief background and some basic recommendations useful in both planning and running of relief and rehabilitation programmes.

Key words: practice guide, INGO, gender violence, IFRC

Algunas ideas para integrar un analisis de género y generacional a las acciones de alivio y los programas de reconstrucción

Sarah Bradshaw, Puntos de Encuentro, Managua, Nicaragua, 1998 pp5. Spanish language
A short briefing document written to help inform policy makers and programme planners of the gendered aspects of relief and reconstruction post-disaster. The document summarises some of the literature related to gender and disasters and highlights the importance of issues such as gender based violence and the psychosocial impact of disasters as well as presenting a number of key tools, such as the Capability and Vulnerability matrix, and ‘tips’ on engendering disaster responses.

Key words: NIcaragua, vulnerability, housing, violence, recovery, reconstruction, gender analysis, practice

HIV/AIDS Toolkit For Emergencies

World Vision, 2004, pp. 25. World Vision Africa Relief Office. Electronic copies available through Hector Jalipa, World Vision’s HIV/ AIDS Response Coordinator-Africa Region.

This gendered toolkit is designed for World Vision staff members, both specialists and generalists, who may be involved in the implementation of a humanitarian response. The aim of this toolkit is to enable World Vision staff to deliver a gender-sensitive multi-sectoral response to HIV/AIDS in a relief setting. Knowledge of HIV and AIDS is important for food aid specialists, health and nutrition professionals, project managers and all those involved in emergency response or who may be collaborating with partner agencies in relief situations. The toolkit highlights factors that cause HIV/AIDS to have a greater impact on women and discusses issues that heighten the effect of HIV/AIDS on women during emergency settings. The tool kit progresses by indicating ways how a gendered response to HIV/AIDS can be woven into every emergency response sector. For instance, the provision of shelter is a high priority during the boiling stage of an emergency. But during the site planning exercise, certain considerations must be made to protect women against sexual violence. HIV/AIDS is a protection issue in relation to sexual and gender violence, and the lack of access to basic relief items may lead to exchanging sex for food or non-food items. The toolkit will be of most interest to emergency response programmers, donors, and humanitarian advocacy groups.

Key words: HIV/AIDS and emergencies, engendering HIV/ AIDS responses, weaving HIV/ AIDS into key response sectors

Gender mainstreaming guidelines for disaster management programmes: a principled socio-economic and gender analysis approach

Angus Graham, 2001.Paper prepared for the Expert Working Group meeting, Ankara, Turkey.
Available through the UN Division for the Advancement of Women:

Key words: IGO, gender mainstreaming, policy, practice, FAO SEAGA

Food Aid and Gender in Emergencies

UN World Food Programme (WFP). On-line through CRID:


Key words: fact sheet, IGO, health, relief

Gender Equity And Humanitarian Response

Susan Smith (ed.), 2001 issue of LINKS. 11 pp. ID: 13986. Available through CRID:

Key words: NGO, humanitarian relief, practice, policy

Passport to Mainstreaming a Gender Perspective in Emergency Programmes: Key Analytical Questions for Designing Gender-Sensitive Humanitarian Interventions

Food and Agricultural Organization and World Food Programme, 2003. 36 pp. Available in Arabic, Chinese, French, Portuguese, and Spanish from the FAO:

Developed by the FAO and the WFP in conjunction with related materials, the “passport” is a planning tool geared to local residents, community groups, humanitarian relief organizations and others.  A series of key assessment questions are posed to encourage gender-sensitive data collection and analysis as the basis for designing and implementing gender-sensitive interventions. The broad-based, cross-sectoral and participatory approach adopted makes this an especially useful framework for planning, implementing and evaluating emergency interventions that serve all people.

Key words: Cross hazard, IGO, practice, policy, gender analysis, planning

Gender Considerations in Disaster Assessment

World Health Organizations, 2005. One page. Summary of key questions to be asked and answered, prepared by the World Health Organization. An excellent overview that addresses common areas of concern (e.g. women as carers, specific sanitary supplies) and also the vulnerability of girls and women to sexual exploitation and abuse. Six basic principles are put forward. Available through WHO:

Key words: IGO, practice guide, vulnerability assessment, cross hazard

Checklist for Integration of Gender and Women's Human Rights

7 pp. 1999. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. The document includes a wide range of focus areas for establishing if or how well women’s human rights are recognized, protected and realized. Areas with sample questions include: General questions on gender integration; Reports and other documents; Legal and conceptual frameworks (General questions; questions related to needs assessment missions).

Key words: health, practice, human rights, IGO, gender analysis

Key Gender Issues in the South Asia Earthquake Response

2 pp. Inter-Agency Standing Committee (IASC) Task Force on Gender and
Humanitarian Assistance fact sheet. Examines gender and age issues with a preliminary checklist for use in assessments and fact-finding missions.

Available at:

Key words: IGO, practice, fact sheet, age, gender analysis, relief

Paying attention to women's and gender issues in responding to the tsunami crisis

Madhavi Ariyabandu, 2005. 4 pp. Available through Practical Action (Formerly ITDG South Asia), 05, Lionel Edirisinghe Mawatha, Colombo 5, Sri Lanka, Email:

The note was prepared for the purpose of drawing the attention of the relief and recovery agencies on the severe gaps on gender awareness demonstrated in the tsunami aftermath in Sri Lanka. It highlights the key areas of concern from women’s and gender points of view in different phases; emergency management; response; recovery; and rehabilitation.  References are included. Built around the tsunami, this piece is an excellent guide for tsunami responders but can readily be adapted to other contexts. Its specificity as well as its scope make it especially valuable.  

Key words: Sri Lanka, tsunami, gender analysis, practice

Gender sensitive practice checklist for organizations

1999. Elaine Enarson. Guide to organizational self-assessment for gender sensitive emergency management. Available through the GDN: 

Key words: Gender analysis, emergency management, practice, policy

Gender Sensitive Programming by Sector: A Synthesis

2005. Elaine Enarson. Compilation of widely available practice guidelines by sector for disaster risk management. Available through the GDN: 

Key words: Practice guide, policy, gender analysis

Matrix for Gender Based Violence Interventions in Emergency Settings

2005, one page.  The matrix sums up in a user-friendly fashion the critical points from the larger  IASC Guidelines on Gender and Humanitarian Assistance in support of the Tool Kit for Gender-Based Violence Intervention.  Available through GDN:

Key words: Cross hazard, IGO, gender violence, practice guide

Gender-Sensitive Post-Disaster Rehabilitation Guidance: Empowerment

Published by:  International Recovery Platform

Entry points for gender mainstreaming in training and education, physical and mental health and empowerment. Part of the Knowledge for Recovery series.



Key words: empowerment, post-disaster, rehabilitation